o-gie.id – Starting a hydroponic farm can feel like a tedious job, when you consider everything, but you still start designing, building, and using hydroponic systems. You get the first harvest, I’m sure you will be very happy to do it again!
Many of us may have heard the term Hydroponics for a long time, but in this article. O-gie Farm will try specifically to discuss in more detail about agriculture with hydroponic systems. Without lingering, let’s review it gradually.
The Hydroponic Guide for beginners will guide you through the basic principles of hydroponics, answer your many questions, and make you happy and useful for your activities in the future.
What Is Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is a method of farming without land. In accordance with the meaning of the word ‘hydro’ which means water and ‘ponos’ which means strength. Hydroponics is also known as a soil less culture. We may already know together in planting plants in general, usually using soil as a plant supporting media, while hydroponic plants use nutrient solutions and their supporters use planting media other than soil such as rock wool, coco peat, hydro ton, gravel, coconut fiber, silicate substance, stone fragments or coal, gegaji powder, foam and so on.
The principle of hydroponic plant cultivation is to provide or provide nutrients needed by plants in the form of water solutions by splashing, dropping, flowing, or spraying on plant growth media. Wherever the growth of a plant will still be able to grow well if the nutrients needed are always fulfilled. In this context the function of the soil is to support plants and water that is a nutrient solvent, to be absorbed by plants. This mindset pattern finally gave birth to the technique of planting hydroponics, which emphasized the fulfillment of nutritional needs.
What Are The Benefits Of Hydroponics?
O-gie’s farm will discuss the benefits of hydroponics, because there are so many ways to grow hydroponics, so review them with points to points to make it easier to understand.
- Eliminates the threat of pests and diseases commonly found in soil.
- No need for harmful chemical insecticides and herbicides.
- Fertilizer efficiency greatly reduces runoff pollution of the environment.
- Very efficient use of water.
- Not limited to locations with good soil.
- Efficient use of space.
- Year-round growing.
- Control over growing conditions.
- Ideal growing conditions encourage plants to grow faster and healthier.
- Easy harvesting.
Based on the points above, the hydroponic system has easy hydroponic benefits and treatments. It has been widely applied in high-rise buildings, modern shopping places, and apartments. The air in high-rise buildings that use air conditioning has never changed for years, so it contains a lot of bacteria and pollutants. With a hydroponic planting system, it certainly becomes healthy and clean.
6 hydroponic systems that are suitable for beginners
- Wick System
- Water Culture System
- Ebb and Flow System
- Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) System
- Drip System
- Aeroponics System
Discussions about fewer hydroponic systems, only amount to 6 points. I became irresponsible and looked cruel if O-gie Farm stopped writing this article and only mentioned the points. O-gie Farm will explain to the reader further in other articles. Please click on the link for each hydroponic sub system. Congratulations on continuing to read it.
What Are The Best Plants To Grow When Getting Started In Hydroponics?
It’s possible to grow a large variety of plants hydroponically. But the plants that are the easiest to grow when you’re just getting started in hydroponics are non-fruiting plants that are durable, fast growing, and have shallow root systems. Salad greens and herbs of all kinds make great choices for hydroponics beginners.
What Do I Need To Know About The Water I Use For Hydroponics?
The quality of your water has a huge impact on the health of your plants, so you should have your water tested before using it for hydroponic growing.
The main indicator of water quality is the amount of total dissolved solids (TDS), measured in parts per million (ppm) or milligrams per liter. Water with more than 50 ppm of hardness is considered hard water, and it can throw your nutrient formulas out of balance, leading to plant deficiencies or toxicities.
While many people grow plants hydroponically with tap water, if you live in an area with particularly hard water, above 200 PPM, you may run into problems when growing your plants. If this is the case for you, one of the first things to do, is switch to filtered or distilled water.
While contaminants can be removed through filtration or distillation, reverse osmosis is the most efficient, reliable, and economical method.
What Conditioning Do I Need To Monitor And Control In My Grow Room?
To achieve the best results with a hydroponic system, create a growing space that provides plants with optimal conditions for fast and healthy growth. Here are the environmental factors that you need to monitor and control indoors:
With indoor hydroponics, it’s very important that you strictly control the lighting. To achieve this, you can isolate your grow room using a grow box.
During the growing stage of your plants, you should generally provide 16-18 hours of light per day. If you want to induce flowering, reduce the hours to 12 hours per day, simulating the shorter days of late summer.
2# Air Movement
Ventilation is another important element for a successful hydroponic system. For small or naturally well-ventilated growing areas, you may not need additional ventilation. You just need to put a regular fan in the room to drain the air, and this is enough for most hobby growers. However, for larger operations, a better choice is to install an extractor fan to remove dirty air, along with a ventilator to bring fresh air from outside.
Plants use carbon dioxide in the air for photosynthesis, which gives them energy to grow, and more serious hydroponics growers often employ CO2 generators to accelerate growth. But good air circulation will ensure plenty of CO2 and also help regulate the heat and humidity of the space.
It’s also important to monitor the temperature in your hydroponics grow room, where temperatures should be around 20 Celsius at night and about 23 Celsius during the daytime.
Room fans, extraction fans, and ventilators will help with cooling. Or, you could use air conditioning.
You should maintain a humidity level in your grow room of 40-60 percent to enhance plant growth and prevent mold from developing. Humidity is measured with a hygrometer. There are many monitors that will measure both temperature and humidity and they are very inexpensive to purchase.
What Are The Challenges To Outdoor Hydroponics?
The most obvious advantage of setting up a hydroponics system outdoors as opposed to indoors is big cost savings on lighting and other climate control systems that suck up energy. However, outdoor hydroponics presents challenges of its own, since you don’t have any control of the growing environment.
Here are some of the issues to consider when designing an outdoor hydroponics system:
To best take advantage of full-spectrum sunlight, choose a sheltered location with southern exposure.
2# Air Movement
Plants like good breezes, but too much wind causes stress. So be sure to find the right outdoor hydroponic garden. Cover with nets or UV plastic.
To counteract the outdoor heat, take steps to make sure your nutrient solution remains cool. And top it off with cool water frequently, since plants will be transpiring much more than they would be indoors.
4# Nutrient Solution
When the temperature goes up, plants get thirstier. Lowering the nutrient solution a little helps them take up water more easily.
This is probably the biggest disadvantage to outdoors hydroponics. But since the best deterrence to sucking insects and other pests is healthy, nutrient-dense plants, hydroponics have an advantage over traditional gardening in dealing with unwanted creatures in the great outdoors.
If you’re ready to get started with hydroponics, check out some of my other articles, which are written with beginners in mind.